Come to be Informed About Payday Loans Here And Today

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Do you have an unpredicted cost? Do you really need a certain amount of support rendering it to your next pay day time? You can obtain a payday loan to get you throughout the following handful of weeks. It is possible to normally get these personal loans rapidly, but first you should know a lot of things. Here are some tips to help you.

Fit everything in it is possible to to pay for the loan with the due particular date. Mortgage refinancing a cash advance will result in compound attention.

Watch out for falling into a capture with payday loans. Theoretically, you would pay the bank loan back in 1 or 2 months, then go forward together with your existence. The simple truth is, nonetheless, many people cannot afford to repay the money, and the balance will keep moving over to their after that salary, acquiring massive levels of attention throughout the approach. In such a case, some individuals go into the career where by they may never manage to repay the loan.

It’s usually crucial that you investigation different firms to discover who are able to offer you you the finest bank loan phrases. Along with standard storefront creditors, on-line possibilities also exist. Each will would like business and really should be very competitive in value. Some loaning professional services will give you a substantial discount to people who are borrowing for the first time. Prior to investing in a loan provider, make sure you know what options you have.

Although there may be a great deal of documentation included, you don’t need to act like the common buyer. In no way worry asking for the supervisor on task so that you can haggle a greater deal than they normally supply. They’ll would like your enterprise, so they’ll give you a deal.

When getting your payday advance, sign up for the least amount of money achievable. A lot of people have emergency situations appear and want extra revenue, however the interest rate on the pay day loan is a lot beyond what you will pay out into a banking institution or charge card firm. Decrease these charges by just obtaining a little financial loan.

Should you must get a payday loan, open a brand new banking account in a banking institution you don’t usually use. Request your budget for short-term inspections, and use this account to get your payday advance. Once your financial loan comes because of, downpayment the exact amount, you must be worthwhile the borrowed funds to your new banking account. This protects your regular revenue if you happen to can’t pay for the loan back again on time.

Prior to finalizing your payday advance, study every one of the fine print within the arrangement. Payday cash loans will have a lots of legal terminology concealed inside them, and quite often that legitimate vocabulary is used to mask invisible costs, high-costed later charges as well as other things which can eliminate your wallet. Before you sign, be clever and know specifically what you will be putting your signature on.

Simply because loan providers are making it so easy to get a payday advance, many individuals rely on them if they are not inside a problems or crisis circumstance. This could result in customers to become secure paying the high interest rates and once a crisis arises, they are inside a terrible situation since they are previously overextended.

As an alternative to jogging right into a store-front cash advance heart, look online. In the event you go deep into that loan shop, you may have not one other prices to check against, along with the folks, there will do just about anything they may, not to let you depart right up until they signal you up for a mortgage loan. Get on the world wide web and perform necessary analysis to obtain the lowest interest loans prior to deciding to stroll in. There are also online companies that will go with you with payday loan companies in the area..

Payday loans generally have extremely high rates of interest, and should simply be useful for crisis situations. While the rates are substantial, these loans can be quite a lifesaver, if you realise on your own inside a combine. These personal loans are particularly beneficial whenever a vehicle breaks down, or perhaps an appliance tears up.

If you’re continually employing online payday loans to help make stops fulfill, you may want to use a money managing company to discover of what you can do to take care of your money. When online payday loans are not used the direction they are made to be used, you will find your self inside a bad scenario.

Ideally, congratulations, you know considerably more about online payday loans. Use the details with this piece. Don’t just dash into receiving a cash advance, as this type of funding doesn’t come inexpensive. They are often ideal for you or horrible for yourself.

Important Things You Should Know About Online Payday Loans

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If the economy is struggling, a lot of people end up strapped for money. Nevertheless, of yourself are certainly one which has a low credit score, it could be difficult that you should be awarded financing from the bank. If so, you might want to think about acquiring a payday loan.

You will need to recognize all of your current fees. You may tell on your own that you will take care of the service fees eventually, however, these charges could be large. Request a write-up of all of the charges linked to the loan. This has to be gotten prior to deciding to submit your application.

Look into the corporation doing the financing as extensively as possible when you’re hunting to get a payday advance. There are many choices in relation to this industry and you would want to be handling a reliable organization that will deal with your loan the correct way. Search for reviews from past borrowers for further info.

Know what APR signifies before agreeing to your cash advance. APR, or twelve-monthly portion rate, is the level of fascination that this organization costs in the personal loan while you are paying out it back. Although online payday loans are quick and convenient, examine their APRs using the APR incurred by a financial institution or maybe your visa or mastercard business. Probably, the pay day loan’s APR will probably be much higher. Check with precisely what the paycheck loan’s monthly interest is initial, before making a decision to borrow any cash.

Don’t deal with any payday lender that doesn’t evidently reveal the monthly interest you may be paying out and whenever you must pay back the loan. Any loan provider that is not going to disclose their financial loan terms, service fees and penalty expenses could be a fraud, and you will end up purchasing things you did not know you decided to.

A great method of decreasing your costs is, purchasing everything you can employed. This does not just affect autos. This too implies outfits, electronic devices, household furniture, and much more. When you are not familiar with craigslist and ebay, then apply it. It’s an excellent spot for getting excellent offers. If you could require a whole new personal computer, look for Google for “refurbished personal computers.” Numerous pcs can be obtained for cheap at the great quality. You’d be blown away at the amount of money you may save, that will help you spend away these pay day loans.

Usually calculate the attention and charges to find out exactly how much the financing will in fact cost you eventually. It’s popular understanding that costs for payday loans are extremely higher. Even so, this isn’t one and only thing that service providers can strike you with. They are able to also charge with large fees for every financial loan that may be removed. Those processing costs are often revealed only inside the small print.

Will not lie regarding your income so that you can be eligible for a a pay day loan. This is a bad idea since they will offer you over you may comfortably afford to pay out them back. For that reason, you may result in a worse financial situation than you were previously in.

Make certain you learn how, and whenever you will pay back the loan before you even buy it. Get the bank loan settlement did the trick into the spending budget for your next pay intervals. Then you can definitely promise you spend the amount of money rear. If you cannot reimburse it, you will get caught up spending financing extension cost, in addition to more fascination.

Try not to rely on online payday loans to fund your lifestyle. Pay day loans are costly, so they should simply be useful for emergencies. Payday cash loans are just designed to help you to fund unpredicted medical expenses, rent repayments or food shopping, while you hang on for your next month to month income from your employer.

Ensure that your pay day loan payment will talk with adequate cash if it strikes your checking or savings account. You may possibly not use a trustworthy cash flow. If you don’t get the money you are obligated to pay, you’ll stay in massive problems.

Beware of internet marketers that are compensated a commission to usher in borrowers to lenders. Businesses that function in foreign countries are not subject to the identical laws and regulations and fees and penalties for taking advantage of clients. This will considerably improve the price that may be being approved to you personally for that financial loan.

I’s a smart idea to possess a sound record of paying again your lending options. This really is significant simply because when you need that loan later on, it is possible to get the total amount you require. For maximum outcome, only use one payday loan provider every time you need to have a financial loan.

Individuals below fiscal pressure will make hasty and disappointing choices. With any luck , this information has really helped you discover a number of the answers you are searching for and will help you evaluate if taking out a payday advance suits you. Escaping economic issues has a clever and speedy brain, and your options effect your way of life a whole lot.

Picking The Right Firm For Your Personal Payday Loans

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In many cases, daily life can chuck unexpected process balls the right path. No matter if your car or truck breaks down and needs maintenance, or maybe you grow to be ill or injured, incidents could happen which need cash now. Payday loans are an option should your income is just not approaching easily ample, so keep reading for helpful tips!

Make sure that you fully grasp just what a cash advance is before taking a single out. These financial loans are typically awarded by businesses which are not financial institutions they offer small amounts of capital and need minimal forms. The lending options are found to most folks, while they normally should be repaid in fourteen days.

Pay back the entire loan when you can. You are going to obtain a due particular date, and pay attention to that day. The earlier you pay back the financing completely, the sooner your transaction using the cash advance clients are comprehensive. That can save you dollars over time.

When you are thinking of taking out a pay day loan to pay back an alternative credit line, stop and consider it. It may well end up costing you significantly a lot more to work with this process around just having to pay late-payment service fees at stake of credit history. You will end up bound to financing charges, application fees along with other fees that are connected. Believe very long and tough when it is worth the cost.

If you realise your self bound to a cash advance that you just cannot repay, call the loan organization, and lodge a problem. Almost everyone has legitimate grievances, concerning the high service fees billed to increase online payday loans for the next pay out time. Most creditors provides you with a deduction on your own personal loan charges or fascination, nevertheless, you don’t get when you don’t ask — so be sure you question!

Select your personal references smartly. Some payday advance firms expect you to title two, or a few personal references. These are the people that they may call, if there is a challenge and also you can not be achieved. Ensure your personal references may be attained. In addition, make sure that you warn your references, that you are currently using them. This helps these to anticipate any telephone calls.

Take into account simply how much you honestly have to have the funds that you will be contemplating credit. Should it be a thing that could wait until you have the money to buy, use it away. You will probably learn that online payday loans are certainly not a cost-effective option to buy a large Tv set for a football video game. Reduce your borrowing through these loan providers to unexpected emergency circumstances.

In the event you will need to take out a cash advance, a minimum of shop around. You probable are dealing with a crisis, and are anxious for efforts and cash. Get an hour or so or so to research several options and locate one having a reduce interest as opposed to others. You will see that you save money in the long run as a result.

If you are searching for payday loans, look for the best deal to get the best bang for your buck. Take a look at bodily and web-based payday loans. Choose the organization that will demand the smallest level of interest and the finest total bargain. You could conserve lots of money.

If you have any important goods, you may want to consider using them anyone to a payday loan service provider. Sometimes, payday loan providers allows you to safe a pay day loan towards an important object, say for example a component of good jewellery. A guaranteed payday loan will often possess a reduced interest, than an unprotected payday loan.

Discover the normal repayment schedule for the loan company you are interested in. You will probably find yourself minus the dollars you must pay back it when it is expected. The lender may give you an opportunity to spend just the fascination sum. This can roll over your obtained volume for the upcoming 2 weeks. You may be accountable to pay one more fascination cost the next salary as well as the financial debt due.

The typical APR to get a pay day loan is just about 650 pct. When interest levels be different for each condition, they are high wherever you take a loan out. Because of the way payday loan providers run, this number might not exactly even appear in your commitment. If it doesn’t, don’t assume the interest rate is less. Many times the exact APR is just found when in the agreement.

Ideally, you may have found the data you necessary to reach a conclusion regarding a potential payday advance. Everyone needs a bit help sometime and irrespective of what the origin you need to be a knowledgeable buyer prior to making a responsibility. Think about the advice you possess just read through and possibilities very carefully.

Curbing Your Desire for food with Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams weight loss supplements

Individuals who have weight issue will probably be approved by their medical professionals with Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams . This hunger-suppressor medicine operates by transforming the degrees of one’s chemicals, the substances of the human brain.
Apettite supressants 37.5 mg from is an appetite suppressant drug that’s available within the manufacturers Adipex-G, Oby-Trim and Ionamin. This medication works by changing the amount of your respective chemicals, the chemicals of your mind that affect your hunger and mood. The substance also helps in increasing your human body’s capability to lose weight.
System of Action:
Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  and other hunger controller real estate agents assist individuals with weight issue such as obesity to lose weight. Nonetheless, as with every other weight-decline drugs,Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  can only do this much. You need to incorporate your prescription medication with wholesome eating and working out program.
Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  has commonalities to amphetamine mainly because it raises the blood pressure, energizes the nervous system and raises pulse rate. It can be found in product type in levels of 30 milligram and 37.5 milligrams.Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams from http://phentermine.botswanatouri is finest consumed couple of hours right after breakfast. It’s not recommended to take the medicine before sleeping since it leads to sleeplessness,
When Not to look at Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams :
Combining Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  with tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline or onoamine oxidase inhibitors including tranylcypromine could have significant responses such as high blood pressure because of increase this amounts within the body. Patients who’ve allergy to the ingredients in Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams , who’re taking furazolidone, fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, guanadrel and guanethidine, have extreme hypertension, narrowing in the bloodstream, overactive hypothyroid, coronary heart, glaucoma or circulation system disease, abusing drugs background in an agitated express ought not consider Phentermine 37.5 mg .
Side Effects:
Normally, Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  is nicely tolerated by so many individuals. Even so, should you expertise many of these signs, don’t hesitate to contact your medical professional:
High blood pressure
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Athens – What To See And How To See It


There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.


Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi


Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.


The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena


Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.


Ancient History – Athens


Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).


Athens – The Destination


Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, which is certainly fitting for the birthplace itself. Evidence of its ancient heyday is everywhere, in the remnants of monuments, statuary and sacred sites that are still revered as survivors of one of history’s most important eras.

A Poseidon adventure in art

In Greek mythology, Poseidon is the god of sea, so it is only fitting that the astoundingly wrought bronze statue of him was raised from the bottom of the Aegean Sea, where it lay for centuries after a shipwreck off the Cape of Artemision. The two-meter tall figure stands with arms extended and leaning forward on its left leg. The right hand once held a trident, and the unknown sculptor clearly was a master in accurately duplicating the complicated balancing act that goes into the seemingly simple motion of throwing a spear.

This work of art is one of the many stunning bronzes at the National Archeological Museum in Athens. The museum’s collection – which includes pieces that date all the way back to the prehistoric period – offers the best collection of Greek art in the world. Renovations closed the museum for a year and half, but it was reopened just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

At 260 feet above the city, the Acropolis (“high city”) is not only the highest point in Athens, but for many people it is the high point of any visit to Greece. It is the oldest known settlement in Greece and was a sacred site for ancient Athenians.

During the period of 448 to 420 B.C., the distinguished Athenian statesman Pericles commissioned the construction of four new monuments on the Acropolis at the site of former ruins. The Athenian sculptor Phidias presided over the construction and interior design. The Ionic Erechtheum includes the Porch of Caryatids, with its column in the shape of monumental female figures that identify remains a mystery. The Ionic Temples of Athena Nike, dedicated to the cult of Athena as the goddess of victory, was built during the Peloponnesian War, its frieze depicts the Greek victory over the Persians in the battle of Plataea. The Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis with rows of both Doric and Ionic columns, replaced an earlier version destroyed by the Persians. And of course, the Acropolis remains home to what’s left of the Parthenon.

The Parthenon, designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, took 15 years to complete. It was the closest to Pericles’ heart: Among various friezes depicting life among gods, the large statue of Athena represented his homage to the goddess and to the greatness of Athens.

Even in A.D. 131, savvy developers like the Roman Emperor Hadrian recognized the importance of signage. “This is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus,” reads the inscription on Hadrian’s arch, situated at the foot of the Acropolis and once the marker between Hadrianopolis and the Athens city limits. The side facing the Acropolis and ancient Athens reads, ” This is Athens, the city of Theseus.”

Like all the surrounding monuments and the Athens infrastructure itself, Hadrian’s Arch has undergone a major facelift. The 60-foot high archway, constructed of Pentelic marble, upheld by columns with Corthinian capitals and topped by a series of Corinthians columns, lost a bit of structural stability in the mid-18th century, when 8 of its columns were removed.

Restorers shored up the arch, cleaned away centuries of pollution and repaired its cracks, just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

The Evzones

The Evzones were once the elite soldiers of the Greek army. Today they are the presidential guards, a ceremonial unit that maintains watch over The Parliament, The Presidential Mansion and The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The soldiers wear a traditional and highly photogenic uniform comprising a scarlet cap with a long black tassel, a cotton tunic, black knee tassels above white stockings, red clogs with black pompons and a woolen kilt called a fustanella. The fustanella has 400 pleats, one for each year that the Greeks were on the occupation of the Ottoman Empire. Bearing leather cartridge belts and rifles with a bayonet, the soldiers maintain strict physical discipline as they stand at attention and resist tourists’ attempts to distract them.

A changing of guard is performed daily before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, but on Sundays, the complete ceremony – involving an army band and dozens of soldiers – is conducted.

Alice in Wonderland

Imagine Alice in Wonderland’s tumble into a magical world, and you will have an idea what this-off-beaten-path attraction in the Village of Paiania is like. Far larger than a rabbit hole, Koutouki Cave is a natural wonder that will awe you with its colors and formations. In 1926, a goat disappeared from its herd where it was grazing on the slope of Mount Ymittos. A search turned up a small crevice, and a brave soul descended by rope into the abyss below. The goat had not survived the fall, but its intended rescuer returned with a story of a beautiful underground chamber.

The vertical cave consists of a 38.5 meter shaft that opens onto a large cavern with a diameter of about 60 meters. Guided tours take visitors in through a man-made entrance and lead them on a path through stalactites and stalagmites formed by mineral deposits from water seeping through the limestone of the mountain. The tour ends with a light show accompanied by classical music. It’s just a short taxi ride from Athens to nearby Paiania.


Seeing the Sights of Athens Through Taxi Tours


There is no denying how Athens is one of the most important sites in the world for political, economic and aesthetic advancement and enhancement. For many people, it IS the most significant place in the world, period. And this birthplace of western philosophy seems to have fanned its mysticism throughout the ages. Today, Athens is still one of the most visited sites in the world. Many people want to retrace the footsteps of famous philosophers, writers and artists. Not to mention that Athens has a rugged beauty that merits separate praise.

This busy city is made up of twelve hills, seven of which play a historical role in Athens’ rise. Acropolis and Lycavittos are the two most prominent as it is where most of the important historical landmarks such as the Parthenon, Temple of Athena, Theatre of Dionysius and Temple of Olympian Zeus is found. Being made up of seven hills though, Athens is a difficult place to tour if you’re planning to do it via foot. Unless you plan to isolate yourself to a particular section throughout your trip, let’s say in Acropolis, for example, then conquering it via foot would be fine. But if you want an overall tour of the area, trekking it just won’t do especially when there’s a time element involved. You can rely on their Metro train system which is quite effective and cheap to boot. One can take you to the city center for €6. For those traveling in groups, there are packages for three or more which can be purchased in the different stations. Buses and a suburban railway system will also do.

However if comfort and convenience is a priority, then taking an Athens taxi is the best mode of transportation whilst in the area. You can get one in advance prior to arriving so an itinerary can be planned for you. Getting a package in advance will also garner you discounts. Should you decide to get one from the airport though, you will be paying €30-35 for the single ride and you can negotiate for a taxi tour from there. Taxi tours in Athens is one of the easiest ways to go around in the area. Overall price will depend on what you and your driver will agree to. Be careful when flagging taxis. Some of them may take advantage that you’re a tourist and will not flag down their meters in hopes for getting a bulk price. There are also tariffs involved. Make sure that the Tariff is Tariff 1. Tariff 2 doubles the rate and is applicable after midnight. Make sure to read the driver well. If you think the rate is abnormally high, then check with an English-speaking local to confirm the price.

Make sure also that you’re getting taxis from a reliable company. Although canary yellow taxis are very common in Athens, you will have no hold if the driver tries to fraud you whereas a taxi that hails under a company will be more careful. As common practice, taxis follow two rates, one that applies inside the city limits including the airport and one that applies outside of it. The minimum fare of Rate 1 is €1 while the minimum fare of Rate 2 is €2.65. If you’re from the airport, the fare will start at €3.20 and if there’s heavy luggage involved then a minimum rate will be added to that too.

Taxi tours can be quite tricky but many attest that it’s all worth it considering you get to see the sights of Athens at your own time and pace.